Installing Solarsoft on a Mac
This guide is
for an installation of Solarsoft IDL on a Mac. However, the steps are
valid for any Linux/Unix machine except for the final one about Launch
that I use the C shell (actually tcsh) for my Mac. If you use bash,
some of the commands will be different. For example, replace 'setenv'
If you want to change your shell, start up 'Terminal' and go to
'Preferences...'. Under 'General' you should see 'Shells open with:'.
To specify tcsh you would put '/bin/tcsh' in the 'Command' box.
NEW: make sure you have 'wget' installed. Please see the instructions at the Stereo Science Center website.
In order to display graphics windows from IDL you will need a
X Window System for the Mac. The standard one is XQuartz
(https://www.xquartz.org/), which was initiated by Apple but is not
distributed with Macs.
Once XQuartz is installed it should automatically start when
the IDL session begins (you should a new X icon appear on your
taskbar). If it doesn't, Harris provides a webpage with help information.
Step 1 - basic installation
Go to the Solarsoft
Installation form at LMSAL. For the drop down list 'SSW Path
Suggestions' select '$HOME/ssw'.
Do not click on any
of the options boxes for instruments. Instead go straight to the
'Generate installation script' button and click on it. Download the
script to your computer and run it with:
> csh -f [script_name]
This will download the files for the basic SSW installation,
and you should see the folder 'ssw' appear in your home directory.
Step 2 - run SSW IDL
Go to your .cshrc or equivalent file in your home directory
and add the following lines to it:
setenv SSW $HOME/ssw
setenv SSW_INSTR "chianti eis sot xrt cds sumer aia hmi eve
secchi hessi xray spex iris eit trace"
setenv SSW_SITE_SETUP $SSW/site/setup
alias sidl ~/scripts/sidl
The environment variable $SSW_INSTR is the one that determines
which instrument paths will be added to your SSW.
Noting the alias that you have defined, now create a new file
called simply 'sidl' and put it in the directory 'scripts'. This file
should contain the following lines:
If you now source your .cshrc file and do:
your Solarsoft IDL session should start up.
Step 3 - perform first update of SSW
Now we want to update SSW for the first time, which will download all
the instrument paths defined by $SSW_INSTR. Go to your ~/scripts folder
and create a new file called 'update_ssw'. Put the following lines in
$SSW/gen/bin/ssw_batch go_update_ssw $SSW_SITE_SETUP/update_ssw.log
Now execute this script with:
> csh -f ~/scripts/update_ssw
which will download all the files for your instrument list.
This should take a long time (perhaps a few hours), and you can check progress by taking a
look at the file ~/ssw/site/setup/update_ssw.log.
Step 4 - setting up an automatic SSW update
The easiest way to do this is with a cron job, however
Apple recommend to implement these sorts of jobs through Launch Agents
and Daemons. It's possible that cron may be disabled in the future, but
it still works with MacOS 10.12 (Sierra). I suggest trying the Launch Daemon first, and then using cron if it fails.
Open the cron file by doing:
> crontab -e
and insert the line:
30 12 * * * ~/scripts/update_ssw
which tells the computer to run the script at 12:30 every day.
It's first necessary to create a property list (plist) file.
The one I use
for updating SSW is available here.
Copy it to the directory $HOME/Library/LaunchAgents on your Mac, and
rename it 'com.ssw.plist'.
Now open this file with an editor, and you should see the line:
This is pointing to the location of the script that updates
SSW (see Step 3 above), and should be edited to your own upgrade script.
Further down the file you should see a tag for 'Minute' with a
value of 15, and another tag for 'Hour' with a value of 12. These mean
that the script will be called at 12:15. Since no other time
information is specified then the script will be run every day at this
Further information about Launch agents and plists are
available from an Apple
The script should start automatically, but you may need to
restart your computer. I suggest setting the update time to shortly
after your current time and then you should see the script start, e.g., by checking the ~/ssw/site/setup/update_ssw.log file.
Note: I was able to get this working on my MacBook, but it
failed on my iMac. I don't have admin privileges on my iMac, so this
may be the problem.
IDL Startup file
This file is usually used to set additional environment variables associated with instruments or your personal work.
To use it, first create an idl_startup.pro file. I put mine in
~/idl_lib/idl_startup.pro. Then set the environment variable
$IDL_STARTUP to point to this file in your .cshrc file:
setenv IDL_STARTUP ~/idl_lib/idl_startup.pro
After sourcing your .cshrc file IDL will now execute the startup file when it starts up. Note this is independent of Solarsoft.
Please check my example startup file to see the sorts of things it can include.
Solarsoft Database directory (SSWDB)
A number of missions have sets of auxilliary files that are
not stored in the main SSW directory but instead in the Solarsoft
Database directory (usually referred to as SSWDB or SDB). You may find
that if you try to prep a mission data file the software will complain
that some calibration file is missing. Typically this file will be in a
SSWDB directory. An example of this behavior is for the SOHO/EIT instrument. Here I describe how to set up SSWDB.
Firstly, go to your .cshrc or equivalent file and add
setenv SDB $HOME/sswdb
which will tell the software where you want your SSWDB files to be located.
Now, go to the directory $SSW/site/setup and you should see a
file called 'setup.sswdb_upgrade'. Open this file with a text editor
and you should see a list of entries that are commented out with "#".
Hopefully, amongst these entries you should see the instrument you are
interested in. I've attached my sswdb_upgrade file here and you'll see that I've uncommented soho/eit, soho/cds and some hinode directories.
When you upgrade SSW (see Step 3 or Step 4 above) then you
should find that your $SDB directory becomes populated with the
directories you specified.
The reason SSWDB is kept separately from SSW is that the
directory sizes can be very large, so you should be careful with which
directories you bring over. Also note that you may not need an entire
directory. For example, I bring over soho/eit/response rather than
soho/eit since I only need this for prepping EIT data. Check the
instrument analysis guides for details.
NOTE: I couldn't get the hinode/xrt/xrt_msu_coalign directory
to download. It turns out a sub-directory can only be downloaded if
it's listed in the file $SSW/gen/setup/sswdb_descriptions.dat.
Page maintained by Dr Peter R Young.